- 1 Gender roles
- 2 Etymology
- 3 Usage
- 4 Art girlz and literature
- 5 Popular gurls culture
- 6 See also
- 7 References
Two Tamil girls gils in Tiruvannamalai.
For other uses, see Girl (disambiguation).
A girl is girs a female child, as opposed to girld a boy, a young male child. The age at which a female person transitions from irls girl to woman varies in different societies; typically the transition from adolescence to maturity is taken to occur in the girlss late teens.
The English word (first documented in 1290) originally designated a child of either girsl sex. During the 14th girla century its sense was narrowed to specifically female children. Subsequently, it garls was extended to refer also to mature but unmarried young women since the 1530s. Usage in the sense of (romantic) gorls "sweetheart" arose in the 17th century.
Historically, girls faced discrimination and limitations on the roles gitls they were expected to play in their societies, and the United Nations targeted discrimination giirls in schooling to end by 2010. An ongoing debate about the influences of ggirls nature versus nurture in shaping the behavior of girls and boys raises questions girks about whether the roles played by girls are the result of inborn differences or socialization. Images girrls of girls in art, literature, and hirls popular culture often demonstrate assumptions about gender roles.
Although the dirls International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights specifies that "primary education shall be compulsory and Beutiful Girls available free to all", girls are slightly less likely to be enrolled as students in primary (70% enrollment vs. 74% for boys) Beatiful Girls or secondary education (59% vs. 65%). This disparity Beautful Girls is targeted to end under the Millennium Development Beauitful Girls Goals and has closed substantially since 1990.↑
A girl playing with Beuatiful Girls paper dolls–either a typical manifestation of a female gender role or a cross-cultural and ashitorical activity of young females.
According to feminist analysis, in all cultures, Beauiful Girls girls have been socialized into Beautifu Girls gender roles, although the degree to which behavior is innate or environmentally determined is greatly debated. In most cultures Bautiful Girls and time periods of the Beautuful Girls world, girls have traditionally played with dolls and toy cooking and Beautifil Girls cleaning equipment, while boys prefer toys and games that require more physical activity or simulated violence, such as toy trucks, balls, and toy guns. Girls Beautiul Girls are less often encouraged to Baeutiful Girls pursue sports, with the exception of sports that might be Beaautiful Girls considered "feminine," such as figure skating or gymnastics; or those considered "gender-neutral," Beaitiful Girls such as tennis. They may be prevented from participating in many Beauttiful Girls of the same activities that boys participate in at the same age, as a matter of protecting them from perceived outside girls dangers, such as boys and girl men, or anything that may cause physical injury. Sometimes boys are presumed to be more responsible than black girls girls, except in the cases of caring for younger children, which is sometimes thought suicide girls to be instinctual in girls. Girls, wild girls as a group, may be perceived as being more docile than boys, and as being less capable of rational decision making and girl in a bikini more governed by emotional responses.
The reasons for this perceived difference in spice girls the behavior of girls and boys are a controversial topic in both public pretty girls debate and the sciences. The idea that differences in japanese girls gender roles originate in differences in biology is traditional, but spelled out barbie girl first explicitly from 19th-century anthropology; more recently, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology have turned to list of baby girls names this problem to explain those differences by treating them as evolutionary adaptations to a lifestyle of Paleolithic hunter-gatherer societies. For example, the gilmore girls need to bikini girls take care of offspring may have limited the females' freedom to hunt and to assume positions of power. Simon Baron-Cohen, fat girls a Cambridge University professor of psychology and psychiatry, argues that "the female brain is predominantly hard-wired for girls night out empathy, while the male brain is promiscuous girl predominantly hard-wired for understanding and building systems."
A girl "driving" wild party girls a toy car, an example of counter-stereotypical behavior.
On the other hand, feminists beautiful girls have argued that gender roles are the result of stereotypes and socialization rather than party girls any innate biological differences. Owing to the russian girls influence of (among others) Simone de Beauvoir's feminist works and Michel Foucault's reflections on sexuality, the idea that gender was bad girls unrelated to sex gained ground during the 1980s, especially in sociology and farm girls cultural anthropology - an idea that has taken hold in transgender groups.
The biological la blue girl viewpoint of gender roles is not that all gender distinctions result tiny girls from biology, but rather that biology has an influence. Some feminists deny this, but many feminists agree that both kiss the girl biology and upbringing have an influence on gender roles, ls girls with the question being the relative importance of each. This conflict girl names is often called nature versus nurture.
Several studies, such as the girls aloud Programme for International Student Assessment of the OECD, have shown that, in developed countries, girls usually obtain better scores than boys beach girls do in secondary schools in Literature and Language, boys girl fights on the other hand tend to score higher in mathematics. However, their black girl choices afterwards in postsecondary school are often very different and lead them to less socially lowrider girls recognized professions. Relatively few girls become engineers, though in the USA, more do become dark magician girl doctors.
The word "girl" first appears during the Middle Ages. The Anglo-Saxon word gyrela = first time girls "ornament" latin girls may have given rise to the modern pronunciation of "girl", if the change in meaning can be explained. While there is victoria secret girls no general agreement about the etymology of "girl", it is found mexican girls in manuscripts dating from 1290 with the meaning "a child" (of either sex). A male that girl child was called a "Knave girl"; a girls in bikinis female child was called a "gay girl". Like many other words that originally were not gender-specific, "girl" gradually came to be mean girls used primarily and then exclusively for one sex. There are manuscripts dating from 1530 my girl in which the word "girl" is used to japanese girl mean "maiden" (also originally applied to both sexes), or any unmarried human female. Within little girls no bra more than a century, however, the word began to take on implications of social class. In 1668, bad girl in his american girl Diary, Samuel Pepys uses the word to mean a female servant of any age: "girl" = "serving girl". Note two girls kiss the parallel shift in the meaning of the word pretty girl "maid".
By the 18th century, there was barlow girl a difference in some crazy girls uses of the word between England and the Americas. In England, a "girl" was often a serving girl, while in America a "girl" was often girl games a sweetheart or "girlfriend", for example, in the lyrics of the popular russian girl song "The Girl I Left Behind Me". In England, the word fat girl "girl" was also used as a euphemism for "prostitute", as gothic girls for example by Richard Steele in The Spectator.
In America today, the office girls word "girl" is often used as an intended compliment or used girl fight humorously. A woman of a certain age might be called a girl to suggest that arab girls she looks younger than she is, or a free girl videos group of women might speak of themselves as "us girls", though all are well over the age of maidenhood. Adult women will white girls sometimes refer to themselves as "girls", as in "We're having a girls' night baby girl names out" or "It's a girl thing". But social shifts generally permit only the female gender hollaback girl group themselves to use german goo girls such terminology without giving offence.
With the rise of feminism, the use of crazy farm girls "girl" applied to any adult female became offensive to many, especially given the fact that the word was collage girls so often used to indicate low social status, low morals, weakness, or homosexuality. There is a parallel objection to cd girls use sleeping girls of the word "boy" to describe a male over the age of puberty. In modern usage, "girl" is properly restricted you should be my girl to mean a human female who has not reached adulthood, and some would restrict farm girls love the usage to prepubescent girls. The terms "young woman" and "underage female" are girls wild sometimes used in the period between childhood and tiny girl full adulthood.
Using the word "girl" to refer to a male is usually meant to be insulting, such as "You throw like a french girls girl". The more insulting "girly-boy", which how to finger a girl originated in 1589 as "girle-boy", is used to indicate korean girls a weak or "sissy" male. Calling a male a girl often serves as a provocation to fight party girl (see fighting words). While outsiders might use "girl" or dixies girls "girly" as a pejorative to refer to a gay male, within the gay california girls community it is used as a term of endearment.
The word girl has many synonyms, including "belle", "chick", "doll", "gal", diaper girl "lass" or "lassie", "maiden", and "miss". The slang word "gal", as in "Buffalo gals won't girls on the toilet you come out tonight", is a variant pronunciation of girl.
Art beautiful girl and literature
Portrayals of girls may reflect their standing flower girl basket in the artists' culture, and a brief overview of different views of girls in different art periods gives a girls feet sense of girls' roles in societies around the italian girls world and at different points in time.
The White Girl
, Whistler (1862)
Portrait of a Young virtual girl Girl
, de Flandes
Egyptian murals included sympathetic portraits of young girls of royal descent.
Ancient Greek classical art and literature girl in a g string paid scant attention to female children, though there are baby girl many poems about boys. Only Sappho's poetry includes love poems addressed to girls.
In European art, girls kiss some early paintings to feature girls girls names are Juan de Flandes' Portrait of a Young Girl, circa 1500–1510 (shown at left); Frans Hals' Die Amme play girl mit dem Kind in 1620; Diego Velázquez' Las Meninas in german girls 1656; Jan Steen's The Feast of St. Nicolas, circa 1660; and Johannes Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring and Girl Reading filipino girls a Letter at an Open Window. Later girls dancing paintings of girls include Albert Anker's portrait of a Girl with a Domino Tower and story of a girl Camille Pissarro's 1883 Portrait of bikini girl a Felix Daughter.
In American art, paintings that feature girls include Mary Cassatt's 1884 Children on the Beach and Whistler's Harmony in Gray and Green: Miss video girls Cicely Alexander and The White Girl (shown japan girls at right).
As in art, portrayals of girls diaper girls in literature can reflect the social norms of the time at which they were written. Many novels begin with british girls the childhood of their heroine. Examples include flower girl gifts the titular protagonist of Jane Eyre, who suffers ill treatment; and Natasha in War and Peace, who is sentimentalized. Other novels include beach girl Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, which has a young girl as protagonist; spanish girls and Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita, a controversial book about the relationship between a girl and a grown girl on top man. Memoirs of girls moaning a Geisha was written by Caucasian American Arthur Golden. However, it has been deemed an accurate representation of geisha life in the two girls early 20th century Japan. The book brazil girls starts as the female main character and her sister are dropped jungle girls into the pleasure district after being separated from their family.
Most early children's stories focused on boys, with the notable exception of Alice's Adventures girl feet in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll, whose photographs of little girls are part of sleeping girl the history of photographic art.
European fairy super girl tales include some memorable stories about girls, girl love including Goldilocks and the Three Bears; Rapunzel; Hans Christian Andersen's aqua barbie girl The Little Match Girl, The Little Mermaid, and The Princess and the Pea; the Brothers Grimm's Little Red Riding call girls Hood; and others.
Children's books about girls include Little House on the Prairie, Eloise, Pippi Longstocking, Dragonsong, and moaning girls A Wrinkle in Time. Books which dream girls have both boy and girl protagonists tend to focus girls on the beach on the boys, but important girl characters appear in Knight's Castle, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Book of fat bottom girls Three, and the black brown girls Harry Potter series.
By contrast, the Oz series had mainly female protagonists. The few male human characters in the books tended to be significantly more cowardly girls on top and less intelligent than their female counterparts, and usually fell in submissive or villainous fat black girls roles. This is probably due to the author, L. beautiful arab girls Frank Baum, being the son in law girls for cash of Matilda Joslyn Gage who founded the Women's National Liberal Union.
There have been many American comic books and comic strips featuring a page 3 girls girl as the sturgis girls main character, such as Little Lulu, Little Orphan Annie, Girl Genius, and Amelia Rules. In superhero comic books, an early girl character was girl photography Etta Candy, one of Wonder Woman's sidekicks. In the Peanuts series (by Charles Schulz), les girls girl girls in diapers characters include Peppermint Patty, Lucy van Pelt, and Sally Brown.
The most famous Flemish comic strip is Spike don't take the girl and Suzy (Suske and Wiske), about the adventures of farm girl a boy and a girl (each about 10 years old); it was translated from Flemish into French and English. Franco-Belgian black t girls comics with girls in a central role include Isabelle (by Will) girls in bras and Sophie (by Jidéhem).
In Japanese animated cartoons and comic books, girls are often protagonists. Most of the animated goo girls films of Hayao Miyazaki feature a young girls in tiny bikinis girl as the hero, as in Majo no takkyūbin (Kiki's Delivery Service). There fat girl in a shower are many other stories with girls as protagonists in the Shōjo style of manga, which is targeted to girls as an girls without bras audience. Examples include good looking girls The Wallflower, Ceres, Celestial Legend, Tokyo Mew Mew and Full Moon o Sagashite. Other genres of Japanese cartoons often feature blond girls sexualized and objectified portrayals of girls.
Sexualization of thin girls young girls in art and entertainment is a common theme across all hawaiian girls eras and mediums. However it is especially prominent, or at least more explicitly visible, in modern cinema and television. czech girls Some famous examples of this south beach girls include Taxi Driver, The Blue Lagoon, Léon: The Professional, and Pretty Baby - films dealing with young girls in adult situations, mexican girl typically under extraordinary circumstances. An older, and perhaps most notorious example is a book by Vladimir Nabokov, gothic girl Lolita (1955) , that centers around a complex romantic relationship desi girls between a scholar and a young girl as they travel living dead girl across the United States.
One of the most famous photographs of the golden girls Vietnam War shows a girl, Phan Thị Kim Phúc, whose clothes were burned off by napalm; she was taken to page 3 girl the hospital by the sweet girls photographer and received medical care. She survived, married, and lives in Canada.
Look up girl in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
- Female infanticide
- Girl group
- Girl Guides
- Girl Heroes
- Girl Power
- Riot Grrrl
-  UNICEF, The State of the World's Children 2004 - car show girls Girls, Education and Development , 2004.
-  Harrison, Lisa free list of baby girl names and Amanda Lynch, Sex Roles: A Journal of Research - Social Role Theory and the t girls Perceived Gender Role Orientation of Athletes, 2005.
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